De Kooning once described art history as being like a bowl of soup. You stick your hand in it and find something for yourself. Modernism succeeded Classical painting. The classic 'Old Masters' were painters who regarded the physical limitations of painting, as wholly negative. Old Master painters attempted to conceal the flat surface, the support shape and the variations of pigmentation. However, the challenge to compete with the newly invented field of photography after its advent in 1839, caused painters to recalibrate; to seek a means of expression beyond the limitations of the camera. The result was clear, Modernism was born.